RAMALLAH, On the eve of the International Women’s Day, which coincides on March 8 of every year, the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS) said in a new report that Palestinian women participation in labor force and decision-making process in Palestine remains very low compared to men despite the fact that women make half of the Palestinian society.
According to the PCBS, the population in Palestine by mid-2020 is estimated at 5.10 million divided into 2.59 million males (51%) and 2.51 million females (49%).
Data of the PCBS Labor Force Survey 2019 showed that there is a big gap of participation between women and men in the labor force during 2015 and 2019; whereas the women’s participation still relatively low compared to men’s participation.
The women participation rate in the labor force reached 18% out of total women at work age during 2019. This percentage was the same for the year 2015; knowing that the percentage of men’s participation in labor force reached 70% in 2019.
According to 2019 data, the participation of women in decision making positions is still ed compared to men, said the PCBS. These data showed that 5% of the Palestinian Central Council members, 11% of the Palestinian National Council members and 14% of the Council of Ministers members are women. Also, 11% is the percentage of the active women ambassadors in the diplomatic service. Moreover, there is one woman holding the position of Ramallah and Al-Bireh governor out of 16 governors.
The percentage of households headed by women in Palestine was 11% (12% in the West Bank and 9% in Gaza Strip), according to the PCBS report.
There is a decline in the percentage of early marriage (for those under the age of 18) for both sexes, where it reached 20% of the females’ registered marriages in 2018 (19% in the West Bank and 21% in Gaza Strip) out of total number of females registered marriages in the same year compared with 24% in 2010, while the percentage was 1% of males’ registered marriages of out of total number of males registered marriages in the same year, compared to 2% in 2010.
According to the Labor Force Survey 2019, the percentage of married women out of the total number of women aged 18 years and above was 66%, 26% never married, 6% widows and 2% divorced.
Despite the decline in illiteracy rate among women over the past decade, the gap is still for men, where the illiteracy rate among women was 4% compared to 1% among men according to the Labor Force Survey 2019.
Data of the Ministry of Education and Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, for the scholastic year 2018/2019, showed that male enrollment in secondary stage was 71%, compared to 91% female enrollment. As for the percentage of female students enrolled in the Palestinian higher education institutions, it reached 60%.
Data of the Household Survey on Information and Communications Technology 2019 indicated that the percentage of individuals (10 years and above) who use the internet reached 72% of males compared to 69% of females. Moreover, the percentage of males who use social or vocational networks reached 88% compared to 84% for females.
Source: Palestinian News & Info Agency